Legal research is carried out to understand a legal problem and then find a solution to the problem that has been identified. This can only be achieved by reviewing literature that is effectively evaluated or selected documents on a research topic. For a written work to be excellent, it is necessary for the writer to focus on the problem the researcher intends to address and also the literature to be used for the research. This paper explains the research problem and literature review in the critical context of scholarship by the writer. The objective of the paper is to educate the reader on how to construct a proposal that fulfills quality legal research. The work includes an authoritative opinion from authoritative sources and ends with a conclusion, the suggestion has been made to researchers to concentrate on current issues which require practical solution and also allow the identification of research gaps. This paper, therefore, examines the research problem and literature review as essential components of the research proposal.