There has been an increased concern over the protection and enforcement of animal rights focused at getting societies to accept the status of animals under the various international and domestic animal rights instruments. New legal frameworks have altered the old legal order which defined the status and rights of animals from the human or societal norms, values and usages. They also identify the vulnerability and weaknesses of the animals and as such create and provide for the enjoyment and protection of animal rights against all forms of human’s social, economic, religious and cultural abuse and maltreatments. Using doctrinal research method, this article examined the global trend on the concept of animal rights, the theories behind it and the ideological differences among the activists of the animal rights. The paper also examined the Nigerian legal framework to see whether it is in tandem with, and can accommodate the global trend in the protection of animal rights. As a major finding in this work, the context in which the Nigerian legal framework view issues of animal rights, differs, in motive and scope, with what obtains in other countries with long history of animal rights regime. It is recommended that Nigeria should recognize and codify animal rights in the prism of the global perspective but taking into cognizance our religious and cultural background in terms of enforcement of such rights.