Bullying Behaviours and Psychosocial Adjustment of Secondary School Students in Ilorin South Local Government Area, Nigeria
This paper investigated bullying behaviours and psychosocial adjustment of secondary school students. The researcher sought to determine the forms of bullying behaviour and psychosocial adjustment exhibited by students and also to determine whether there are gender and gat differences in bullying and psycho-social adjustments of students. The sample was 288 students drawn using stratified sampling technique from both private and public secondary schools in Ilorin south local government Area. An adapted questionnaire titled “Bullying Behaviour and Psychosocial Adjustment” (BBPAQ), patterned after Olweus Bullying Behaviour Questionnaire, was used to collect data from the students. The two research questions were answered using mean and standard deviation. Research hypotheses 1, 2, 5 and 6 were tested using uncorrelated t-test while research hypotheses 3 and 4 were tested using one- way ANOVA, at 0.05 level of significance. The results reveal that are nicknames and due to size rank highest among 25 types of bully, knowledge og handling stress aad worries rank first among types of psychosocial adjustment; no study also found that there are no significant differences in students’ bullying and psycho-social adjustment due gender, age and type of school. Based on the findings, the researchers pointed to the fact that the most common form of bullying is the indirect bulling and it was recommended among others that school administrator, psychologists, counselors, teachers and parents pay more attention and address bullying behaviours among students.
Arseneaut, L. Walsh, E., Trezesniewski, K., Newcombe, R., Caspi, A., Moffitt, T. E. (2006).
Bulling victimization uniquely contributes to adjustment problems in young children: A nationally representative cohort study. Journal of Pediatrics, 1, (18): 130 -138.
Belsky, J. (2008). War, trauma and children’s development: Observation from a modern evolutionary perspective: International. Journal of Behavioural Development, 32: 260–271.
Chapell, M. S., Hasselman, S. L., Kitchin, T., Lomon, S. N., Maclver, K. W. & Sarullo, P. L. (2006). Bullying in elementary school, high school and college. Journal of Adolescence, 41,
Cohn, A. & Canter, A. (2003). Bullying facts for schools and parents. Bethesda Highway Suite Inc. NASP Resources.
Crick, N. R., & Grotpeter, J. K. (1995). Relational aggression, gender and social-psychological adjustment. Journal of Child Development, 66, (3): 710-722.
Crick, N. R., Nelson, D. A., Morales, J. R. Cullerton-Sen, C., Casa, J. F. and Hiickman, S. E. (2001). Relational victimization in childhood and adolescence: I hurt you through the grapevine. In J. Juvonen & S. Graham (Eds), Peer harassment in school: The plight of the vulnerable and the victimized (pp. 196-214). New-York: Guiford Press.
Gianluca, C. & Tziana P. (2009). Association between Bullying and Psychosomatic Problems. A meta-analysis, 123, (3): 1059–1065.
Griezel, L., Finger, L. R., Bodkin-Andrews, G. H., Crave, R. G. & Yeung, A. S. (2012). Uncovering the structure of and gender and developmental differences in cyber bullying. The Journal of Educational Research, 105, (6): 442-455.
Hoertel, N., Strat, Y. L., Lavaud, P. & Limosin, F. (2011). Gender effects in bullying: Results from a national sample. Psychiatry Research, 200, (2-3): 921-927.
Idowu, A. I. & Yahaya, L. A. (2006) Systemeic Approach as a Strategy of Handling Bullying among Secondary School Students in Nigeria. The Counsellor, 22: 255 – 261.
Kim, Y. S., Koh, Y. & Leventhal, B. L. (2004). Prevalence of school bullying in Korean middle school students. Arch Pediatrics Adolescent Medcine, 158, (7): 737-741.
Kumpulainen, K. (2008). Psychiatric conditions associated with bulling. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 20(, 2): 121–32
Nansel, T. R, Craig W, Overpeck, M. D, Sulaja, C. Ruan, W. J. (2004). The Health Behaviour in School–Aged Children Bulling Analyses Working Group. Cross-national consistency in the relationship between bulling behaviours and psychosocial adjustment. Arch Pediatrics Adolescent Medcine, 158,: 730–736.
Nansel, T. R. Overpeck M, Pilla R. S., Ruan, W. J, Simons – Morton B., Sheldt P. (2001) Bulling behaviours among us youth: Prevalence and association with psychosocial adjustment.
Journal of American Medical Association, 285: 2094–2100.
Nuhu, M. A. (2013) Home and school-related factors as correlates of bullying behaviour among Secondary school adolescents in North–central Nigeria. Unpublished thesis of the
Department of Social Sciences education, University of Ilorin.
Olsen, K. A. (2007). Bullying: A big problem with consequences preventing violence in our schools. Minnesota: University of Minnesota Extension.
Olweus, D. (1993). Bulling at school. What we know and what we can do. Oxford, England: Blackwell Publishing.
Olweus, D. (1996). Bullying/victim problems at school: Facts and effective intervention. Journal of Emotional and Behavioural Problems, 5(1), 15-22.
Prinstein, M. J., Boergers, J. & Vernberg, E. M. (2001). Overt and relational aggression in adolescents: Social-psychological adjustment of aggressors and victims. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 30(4), 479-491.
Smith, P. K. & Sharp, S. (1994). School bulling: insights and perspectives. London Routlodge.
Smith, P. K., Morita, Y., Junger T. J., Olweus, D., Catalano, R, Slee, P, (1999). The nature of school bullying a cross-national perspective. London New York: Routledge.
Stangor, C. O. (2004). Research methods for behavioural sciences. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.
Olweus, D. (2004). The Olweus bullying prevention programme: Resign and implementation issues and a new national initiative in Norway.
Wang, J., Iannotti, R. J. & Nansel, T. R. (2009). School bullying among adolescnets in the united states: Physical, verbal, relational and cyber. Journal of Adolescent Health, 45, (4): 368-375.
Wong, D.S.W. (2004). School bulling and tacking strategies in Hong Kong. International Journal the Offender, 48, (5): 537–553.
Yulan, C., Lan, N., Ming, Q, Lazzarous M & Yan C (2010). Being Bullied and Psychosocial Adjustment among Middle School Students in China Educational Psychology Papers and Publications, 106.