Readiness, Acceptability and Challenges of Computer Based Test among Senior Secondary Three Students in Borno State, Nigeria.

  • Oladosu Rasaq Olatunj Ansar Ud-Deen College, Maiduguri, Borno State
  • Ibrahim Bulama Bukar Department of Education, University of Maiduguri, P.M.B 1069, Maiduguri, Borno State
Keywords: Readiness, Acceptability, Challenges, Computer Based Test


The study was a survey design. It examined readiness, acceptability and challenges of Computer Based Test (CBT) in Borno State Senior Secondary Schools. . The study had three objectives and three research questions. The population of the study was 3,000 final year students drawn from 10 senior secondary schools in Maiduguri Metropolitan. The sample for the study was 20% of the population which was 600 students. Stratified and simple random sampling techniques were employed to select the sample. Self-designed questionnaire was developed and validated by experts in administration and planning as well as measurement and evaluation units, University of Maiduguri. The logical validity index was 0.7. The instrument was also pilot-tested using split-half method and was analysed and the reliability index was 0.81. Frequency count and percentage were used to analyze the data. The study finding revealed that although students were ready for the CBT, they did not accept the use of CBT Based on the findings; it was recommended that awareness campaign and advocacy be mounted by Borno State Government through the ministry of education on the relevance of CBT in secondary schools in Borno State.


Download data is not yet available.


Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior, organizational behaviour and human decision processes 50: 179-211

Ayo, C. K., Akinyemi, I. O., Adebiye, A.A., and Ekong, U.O (2007). The prospect of e- examination implementation in Nigeria. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, Todje, 8, (4):125-134.

Chiou, C.Y., Ayub, A.F.M. and Luan, W.S (2010). Students’ readiness in using mathematics. online portal: A preliminary study among undergraduates. Procedia-Social and Behavioural Science 2, (2): 677-681

Darab, B. and Montazer, G.A (2011). An electric model for assessing e-learning readiness in the Irarian universities, Computers & Education. 56(3): 900-910.

Davis, T.S.B. (2006). Assessing online readiness: perceptions of distance learning stakeholders in three Oklahoma community colleges. Unpublished dissertation. USA – Oklahoma: Oklahoma State University.

Demir Kaymak, Z., and Horzum, M.B (2011). Relationship between online learning students Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 13(3): 1783-1797

Fishbein, M., Ajzen, I. (1975). Belief, attitude, intention, and behavior: Introduction to theory and research, Addison-Wesley, Reading, M.A

Gunawardena, C.N and Duphorne, P.I., (2001). Which learner readiness factors, online features and CMC related learning approaches are associated with learner satisfaction in computer conferences? Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Seattle, W.A, April 10-14 2001).

Horzum, M.B. & Cakir, O. (2012). Structural equation modeling in readiness, willingness, anxiety of secondary school students about the distance learning Procedia – Social behavior of Science 47, 369-375

Hung, M.L., Chou, C., Chen, C.H., & Own, Z.Y (2010). Learner readiness for online learning: scale development and student’s perceptions. Computers & Education, 55, 1088-1090

Jonson, W.C. (1973). Child Development and Learning. New York MSS Information Corporation.

Kerlinger, F.W., Less, B. H. (2000). Foundation of Behavioural Research (4th Edition): Philadephia: Harcourt College Publishers.

MEB, (2012), Milli Egitim Bakanligi Fatith Projesi (Ministry of National Education FAITH Project). Retrieved from

Mubashrah, J., Tariq, T.H. & Shami, P.A (2012). Computer-based vs paper-based examination: Perception of University teachers. The Turkish online Journal of Educational Technology (TOJET), 11(4), 371-3281

Olawale, & Shafi, I.M.A.(2010). E-exams system for Nigeria universities with emphasis on security and result intergrity, proceeding of the seventh International Conference on e-learning for knowledge-based society, Thailand.

Osuji, U.S.A (2012). The use of e-assessment in the Nigeria higher education system. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education (TOJDE), 11(4), Article 9.

Parasuman, A. (2000). Technology readiness index (Tri) a multiple-item scale to measure readiness to embrace new technologies. Journal Service of Research, 2 (4), 307-320.

Parnell, J.A & Carreher, S. (2003). The Management education by internet readiness (Mebir) Scale: Developing a scale assess personal readiness for internet-mediated management education, Journal of Management Education 27(4), 431-446.

Pynoo, B. Devolder, Tondeur, J. Van Braak, J. Duyck, W., & Duyck P. (2011). University students acceptance of web-based course management system. In T. Teo (Ed), Technology acceptance in Education, Research and Issues ( pp 125-143) Boston: Sense Publishers

Teo, T. (2011). Technology acceptance research in education. In T. Teo (Ed.), Technology Acceptance in Education: Research and Issues (pp. 1-5) Boston: Sense Publishers

How to Cite
Oladosu Rasaq Olatunj, & Ibrahim Bulama Bukar. (2017). Readiness, Acceptability and Challenges of Computer Based Test among Senior Secondary Three Students in Borno State, Nigeria. Maiduguri Journal of Educational Studies (MAJES), 10(1), 60 - 69. Retrieved from