Parents’ Occupation and Truancy among Public Day Senior Secondary School Students in Niger State, Nigeria: Implications for Counselling

  • Amos Audu Department of Education University of Maiduguri, P.M.B.1069, Maiduguri
  • Hamsatu J. Pur Department of Education University of Maiduguri, P.M.B.1069, Maiduguri
  • Lawas A. Mbahi Department of Education University of Maiduguri, P.M.B.1069, Maiduguri
Keywords: Parents' occupation, Gender, Truancy, Public day, Senior secondry school

Abstract

The study determined relationship between parents’ occupations and truancy among public day senior secondary school students in Niger State, Nigeria. A Correlational design was used to investigate significant relationship between parents’ occupations and truancy as well as gender difference in truancy of senior secondary of school students. The target population for the study comprised of all the 13,845 truant students in senior secondary school in first year (SS1) and their parents in Niger State. A sample of four hundred (400) SSI truant students and their parents selected using stratified random and purposive sampling techniques from 132 public day senior secondary schools in 8 education zones of the state participated in the study. Parents’ Questionnaire and Proforma on Truancy (PT) were used for data collection. The instrument has a reliability coefficient of .76 obtained using split-half test method. The instruments were administered to the participants by the help of the principals and selves. Chi-square was used to analyse significant relationship while t-test of independent samples was used to analyse significant differences at P

.05 significant levels. The results revealed that there was significant relationship between parents’ occupation and truancy among public day senior secondary school students in Niger State. It further revealed that there was significant difference between the truancy of boys and girls in public day senior secondary schools in Niger State in favour of girls. It was concluded that parents’ occupations significantly contribute to the variance of students’ truancy and that gender has effects on the variance of students’ truancy among public day senior secondary school students in Niger State. It was recommended that Counsellors and para counsellors in public senior secondary schools in Niger State should explore the use of different counselling therapies in curbing truancy among the students.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Adeloye, J. A. (2008). Relationship between family background and truancy among secondary school students in Kano Metropolis (Unpublished, M. Ed. Dissertation), Bayero University Kano.

Anyakoha, E. and Eluwa, M. (1991). Home Management for Schools and Colleges. Onitsha: African-FEP Publishers.

Carney, T. (2013). The relationship between parents’ socio-economic background and children’s truancy among high school students in Cape Town, South Africa Journal of Adolescence, 1(1), 1-9.

Eremie, M. D. (2015). Counsellors and teacher’s ranking of factors causing truancy among secondary school students in Rivers State, Nigeria. Singaporean Journal of Business Economics and Management Studies, 3(12), 1-6.

Farooq, J. M. and Khurram, M. A. (2010). Relationship between parents’ socio-economic status and students’ truancy at secondary schools of Malir District, Karachi, Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 6(6), 678-687.

Federal Government of Nigeria. (2013). National Policy on Education (6th ed.). Lagos: Nigerian Educational Research and Development Council (NERDC) Press.

Garry, E. (2001). Truancy: First step to a lifetime of problems. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Bulletin (OJJDB), Retrieved on November 12th, 2015 from https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles/truancy.pdf.

Hamman-Tukur, A. (1991). Development and validation of scales of assessing intelligence in primary schools. (Unpublished PhD Thesis), University of Jos.

Henry, K. L. and Thornberry, T. P. (2010). Truancy and escalation of substance use during adolescence, Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 71, 115-124.

Krejcie, J. V. & Morgan, D. W. (1970). Determining sample for research activities: Educational and Psychological Measurement. 30, 607-610.

Lareau, A. (2003). Unequal childhoods: Race, class, and family life. California: University of California Press.

National Center for School Engagement (2005). Gender differences among truant youth,
Retrieved from www.schoolengagement.org. December 28th, 2015.

National Center for School Engagement (2005). Jacksonville, Florida, case study: Evidence of effectiveness in reducing truancy. Denver, CO: Author. 1-18. Retrieved from http://www.schoolengagement.org. December 28th, 2015.

Nkomo, N. N. (2014). Gender difference and truancy behaviour among senior secondary school students in Kano Metropolis. Retrieved from www.scribd.com/schools-disroya. December, 16th 2015.

Oluremi, F. D. (2013). Parents’ education level and truancy among secondary school students in Southwestern Nigeria: Implications for counselling. International Journal for Cross- Disciplinary Subjects in Education, 3(2), 1424-1428.

Reid, K. C. (1999). The behaviour of persistent school absenteeism, British Journal of Educational Psychology, 3(54), 320-330.

Reid, K. C. (2000). Tackling truancy in schools: A practical manual for primary and secondary schools. London: British Press Limited.

Rothman, J. M. (2004). A study of factors influencing attitudes towards science of junior high school students: Mexican-American pupils. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 66(1), 40-54.

Sambo, S. (2005). Truancy among secondary school students in Kaduna Metropolis (Unpublished, M.Ed. Dissertation), Ahmadu Bello University.

Shittu, S. P. (2004). The incidence of Truancy among Nigerian Youth: Implications for Guidance and Counselling. Jos: University Press Limited.

Victor, J. A. (2008). Parents’ occupation and truancy among secondary schools students in Dutse Metropolis, Jigawa State, (Unpublished, PGDE Project Report), NTI, Kaduna State, Nigeria.

Woolfolk, A. B. (1993). Educational psychology (5th ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Published
2017-09-04
How to Cite
Amos Audu, Hamsatu J. Pur, & Lawas A. Mbahi. (2017). Parents’ Occupation and Truancy among Public Day Senior Secondary School Students in Niger State, Nigeria: Implications for Counselling. Maiduguri Journal of Educational Studies (MAJES), 10(1), 27 - 35. Retrieved from http://journals.unimaid.edu.ng/index.php/majes/article/view/57