“Population Displacements and poverty in Nigeria between 1980 to 2015” has historicized the interface between population displacements and poverty in its various dimensions. It identifies sources of population displacement during the period to include violent conflicts, and environmental insecurity- natural disasters. The paper argues that the population displacements created fertile grounds for the exacerbation of poverty including deprivations to food, income opportunities, access to healthcare and education facilities, self-esteem, security, participation among other poverty dimensions. It also examines the roles of government, non-governmental organizations and individuals alike in salvaging the poverty conditions of the displaced persons and found out that the efforts made proved less significant due to the following factors:- lack of funds, no prior readiness to tackle population displacements, and corruption among others. The paper therefore recommends as follows: - there is the urgent need by government to locate the roots (the immediate and remote causes) of displacements and tackle them appropriately; the state and those saddled with the responsibility of seen its political affairs should ensure to give protection to the lives and property of citizens at all times. This is achievable through responsible and sensible governance that is built on democratic tenets; Nigerians on their part should uphold the principles of peace and dialogue in all circumstances. Data and information for analysis and presentation were sourced from oral, written and internet sources.
Abdullahi, Adamu. (2001) “Let’s Sheath Our Swords.” Being a Text of Radio and Television Broadcast on the Ethnic Violence in Nassarawa State. Lafia. July.
.Acemoglu, D and J.A.Robison (2012), Why Nations Fail, the Origin of Power, Prosperity and Poverty, New York: Crown Business
Africa Focus Bulletin (2017) Nigeria: Corruption Undercuts Boko Haram Fight May 24 www.africafocus.org/docs17/nig1705.php Accessed on 8 June 2017
Agba, Terna Paise and Mgbanyi, David (2016) “Perspective on Terrorism in the Central Nigeria Area since 2001.” Paper Presented at the National Conference on Terrorism, Insurgency, and Economic Development in Nigeria. Centre for Peace and Development Studies, Benue State University. Makurdi, 29th and 30th November.
Agoh, Alubo. (2006) Nigeria: Ethnic Conflicts and Citizenship Crises in the Central Region. Ibadan: Programme On Ethnic and Federal Studies (PEFS). Department Of Political Science. University Of Ibadan.
Cohen, R. (2001) “Exodus within Borders: the Global Crisis of Internal Displacement.” Being a paper presented at the UNHCR at Sofia. Bulgaria.
Falola, Toyin and Okpeh, O. Okpeh jr. (2007) “Introduction”, in Toyin Falola and Okpeh Ochayi Okpeh (eds.) Population Movements, Conflicts and Displacements in Nigeria. Asmara. Eritrea: Africa World Press. Inc.
Gwamna, Dogara Je’adaiye. (2007) “The Role of Small and Light Arms in Conflicts, Migration, and Displacement in Nigeria since the 1980s.” in Toyin Falola and Okpeh Ochai Okpeh. (Eds.)Population Movements, Conflicts, and Displacements in Nigeria. (Asmara, Eritrea: Africa world press, Inc.
Human Rights Watch. Jos: A City Torn Apart. (York City: Human Rights Watch, 2001).
Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC): Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, (OCHA) (1998) “Guiding principles on Internal Displacement”, Geneva.
Knoop, H. (1971) “Urbanism: the Demographic Approach.” In African Urban Notes. Spring.
Lee, E.S. (1966) “Theory of Migration,” in J. Jackson ed. Migration. (Cambridge: Cambridge University.
Micheal P. Todaro and Stephen C. Smith, (2006) Economic Development, Ninth Edition, London: Pearson Educational Limited.
Mohammed L. Bello, (2006). “Reflections on Poverty Reduction Strategies.” in Hassan .A. Salisu et al (eds.) Democracy and Development in Nigeria: vol. 2 Environmental Issues. Lagos: Concept Publications.
National Emergency Management Agency. Maiduguri. (2016)
Nnoli Okwudiba, (ed.), (2003) Communal Conflicts and Population Displacement in Nigeria, (Enugu: SNAAP Press Ltd.
Norwegian Refugee Council. (2002) Profile of Internal displacement: Nigeria.
Nwa, E.U. (2003) History of Irrigation, Drainage and Flood Control in Nigeria from Pre-Colonial Time to 1999, (Ibadan: Spectrum Books Limited.
Okpeh O. Okpeh, Jr., (2007) “Inter-Group Migrations, Conflicts, and Displacement in Central Nigeria”, in Toyin Falola and Okpeh Ochayi Okpeh (eds.) Population Movements, Conflicts and Displacements in Nigeria. (Asmara. Eritrea: Africa World Press. Inc.
Tunde, Babalola. (2012) “Exploiting Flood Victims.” Nigerian NewsWorld. Vol.15. No. 083, November 5.
Ravenstein, Everet. G. (1885) “The Laws of Migration, “Journal of the Royal Statistical Society”, Vol. No.2.
World Organization against Torture.(2002) Hope Betrayed: A Report of Impurity and State Sponsored Violence in Nigeria. Geneva: World Organization Torture.