Impact of Boko Haram Insurgency on Bauchi Metropolis - 2009-2015
PDF

Keywords

Implication
Boko Haram
Refuge
Insurgency
Bauchi

How to Cite

Samaila Simon Shehu, Amina Ramat Saidu, & Mary Amos. (2018). Impact of Boko Haram Insurgency on Bauchi Metropolis - 2009-2015. Liwuram - Journal for the Humanities, 19(1), 148 - 157. Retrieved from http://journals.unimaid.edu.ng/index.php/liwuram/article/view/53

Abstract

Boko Haram insurgency is largely becoming a household word globally as there is no neighboring country of Nigeria that is completely absolved from the effects. The activities of the sectarian since 2009-2015 had created a state of palpable fear in Bauchi metropolis, while the general impression that government is incapable of stemming the tides and the ripples generated by the insurgency. It is against this backdrop that this study examines the emergence of Boko Haram insurgency and its effect on Bauchi metropolis from 2009-2015.Thus, qualitative research method was employed while both primary and secondary source materials were used by the study. The primary sources include; oral interviews conducted with internally displaced persons, intellectuals (academia), security agents, marketers, religious leaders, community leaders and general public. The secondary data involves the use of published and unpublished books, government reports, holy book, journals, thesis, dissertations, newspapers and online materials. The study found that the prolonged insurgency was a manifestation of high level of religious extremism, history of Islamic religious movements, absence of ordinance regulating religious activities, stereotypes and misconceptions about the western secular educational system as practiced in Northern Nigeria and ignorance about Islam from its authentic sources. While long standing tension existed between Boko Haram and Nigerian government, the immediate cause of the violence stemmed from a clash with sect members for not wearing crash helmet. The activities of the sectarian had religious, economic, socio-political implications and displaced thousands of people in Bauchi metropolis. The study found that internally displaced persons taking Refuge in Bauchi are quite different set of displaced people in Nigeria. Basically, in most of the states in Nigeria, the displaced persons were settled in government official camps and being taking care of even though, their conditions were also deplorable. The Islamic insurgency had laid down patterns of settlement along religious lines and strictness in movement in Bauchi metropolis.

PDF

References

A.B. Krueger, and Maleckova, J. Education, Poverty and Terrorism: is there a causal connection?

Journal of Economic perspective 2003, 120

A.H.M. Kirk-Greene, “Gazetteers of the Northern Provinces of Nigeria” the hausa emirates Bauchi, Sokoto, Kano, vol., 1,St. Antony’s college, Oxford, 1972, 11.

Cernea, M., African Involuntary Population Resettlement in a Global Context. Environment Department Papers, Social Assessment Series No. 045.

Collier, Paul. ‘Economic Causes of Civil Conflict and their Implications for Policy’, in Crocker, A.,

Turbulent Peace, The Challenges of Managing International Conflict, 2006 147.

Mallam. Yalwa Ladan Zailani, the Emirate of Mallam Yakubu Bauchi, Halsum Printing press limited No 3, Wunti Gate Bauchi 2013, 14-16.

Daniel Benjamin and Steven Simon the age of sacred terror, Random house, 2002, 40.

Dawson, Lorne L. “Privatisation, Globalisation, and Religious Innovation” 2006, Cited in Nathaniel.

D. Danjibo, “Islamic Fundamentalism and Sectarian Violence”: The Maitatsine and Boko Haram Crises in Northern Nigeria Peace and Conflict Studies Programme, Institute of African Studies, University of Ibadan 2010, 2.

Don Okereke, Let's preserve the dignity of the Internally Displaced Persons in Nigeria. 6 August 2015, 3-5.

Gerard Chaliand and Arnaud Blin, the history of terrorism from antiquity to Al Qaeda, California, University of California Press, 2007, 55.

History of Islam, an encyclopedia of Islamic history. The death of prophet Muhammed (pbuh) contributed by Prof. Zazeer Ahmed. Also available at https:/historyofislam.com/contents/the-age-of- faith/the-death-of-prophet-muhammed-pbuh/ retrieved 21/September, 2016.

Peter R. Neumann, Terrorism in the 21stCentury: The rule of law as a guideline for Germany Policy, 2008, 3.

Quran, Sura 5:8

Scudder, T., 'Development-induced impoverishment, resistance and river-basin development', in C. McDowell (ed.), Understanding Impoverishment: The consequences of development-induced displacement, Oxford: Berghahn Books, 1996, 49-74. Tore Bjorgo, Root causes of Terrorism: Myths, reality and ways forward, published in the USA and Canada by Routledge, 2015, 2.

Tunde Oduwobi, “from conquest to independence”: the Nigerian colonial experience, 2011, 25-27.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.