Boko Haram insurgency is largely becoming a household word globally as there is no neighboring country of Nigeria that is completely absolved from the effects. The activities of the sectarian since 2009-2015 had created a state of palpable fear in Bauchi metropolis, while the general impression that government is incapable of stemming the tides and the ripples generated by the insurgency. It is against this backdrop that this study examines the emergence of Boko Haram insurgency and its effect on Bauchi metropolis from 2009-2015.Thus, qualitative research method was employed while both primary and secondary source materials were used by the study. The primary sources include; oral interviews conducted with internally displaced persons, intellectuals (academia), security agents, marketers, religious leaders, community leaders and general public. The secondary data involves the use of published and unpublished books, government reports, holy book, journals, thesis, dissertations, newspapers and online materials. The study found that the prolonged insurgency was a manifestation of high level of religious extremism, history of Islamic religious movements, absence of ordinance regulating religious activities, stereotypes and misconceptions about the western secular educational system as practiced in Northern Nigeria and ignorance about Islam from its authentic sources. While long standing tension existed between Boko Haram and Nigerian government, the immediate cause of the violence stemmed from a clash with sect members for not wearing crash helmet. The activities of the sectarian had religious, economic, socio-political implications and displaced thousands of people in Bauchi metropolis. The study found that internally displaced persons taking Refuge in Bauchi are quite different set of displaced people in Nigeria. Basically, in most of the states in Nigeria, the displaced persons were settled in government official camps and being taking care of even though, their conditions were also deplorable. The Islamic insurgency had laid down patterns of settlement along religious lines and strictness in movement in Bauchi metropolis.
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