Haematological Profiles in Apparently Healthy Blacksmiths in Maiduguri Metropolis (North East Nigeria)

  • A. M. Rabiu Department of Human Physiology, University of Jos, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria
  • V. R. Osah Department of Human Anatomy, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
  • A. I. Shugaba Department of Human Anatomy, University of Jos, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria
  • O. Enyikwola Department of Human Physiology, University of Jos, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria
Keywords: Blacksmiths, Haematological parameters, occupational hazards, haematological disorders


The blacksmith is a person whose job is to make and repair things made of iron. This research was carried out to investigate the haematological parameters of blacksmiths resident in Maiduguri metropolis as compared to individuals not exposed to the hazards of dust, coat, soot, and smoke from metal fumes and carbon-monoxide. A total of eighty-two (82) subjects were screened in this study comprising forty-one (41) blacksmiths and forty one (41) non blacksmiths, used as the control. All the mean values obtained were presented as mean ± standard error of mean (SEM), the descriptive statistical method was used to analyse the result of the experiment. The mean haemoglobin concentration, packed cell volume, red and white blood cell counts in blacksmiths averaged are 9.0 0.29g/dl, 28.8 0.79%, 2.57 0.16x106/l, 5.6 3.3 x 103/l respectively. The corresponding mean values for non-blacksmiths used as control were 13.0 0.38g/dl (haemoglobin concentration), 40.4 0.88% (PCV), 4.71 0.06x106/l (RBC count) and 7.901.85x 103/l (white cell count). Thus, the haematological parameters were generally lower in the blacksmiths than in the control. The haematological parameters in blacksmiths exposed to occupational hazards for a considerable length of time were also found to be lower than those of other blacksmiths with lesser years of exposure.


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How to Cite
A. M. Rabiu, V. R. Osah, A. I. Shugaba, & O. Enyikwola. (2016). Haematological Profiles in Apparently Healthy Blacksmiths in Maiduguri Metropolis (North East Nigeria). Annals of Borno, 26(1), 179-188. Retrieved from http://journals.unimaid.edu.ng/index.php/annals_of_Borno/article/view/34