Performance Test of a Hydraulic Press for Oil Extraction

  • F. A. Oluwole Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri - Nigeria
  • M. K. Adam Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri - Nigeria
  • M. B. OUMAROU Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri - Nigeria
Keywords: Tunkusa, Oil recovery, Oil press, Groundnut past, Kulikuli

Abstract

Vegetable oil is in high demand the world over. Extraction of oil from oil seeds/nuts is still based on traditional procedures in most of the rural areas in Nigeria. A simple hydraulic oil press adaptable to rural areas was constructed and tested to evaluate its performance. The press consists of a tool frame, 5-ton bottle hydraulic jack, the oil extraction unit comprising of the upper and lower press plates and the perforated cage. It operates on the principle of pressure from the hydraulic jack to extract oil from milled oilseeds. Results of the performance tests showed that a maximum oil recovery of 84.4% was obtained and oil extraction time is reduced by about 60%. The cake produced is of the same quality when compared with those produced with the traditional method.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Asiedu, J. J. (1989). Processing tropical crops. A Technical Approach. Macmillan. London.

Aviara,N. A., W. B. Musa, O. K. Owolarafe, B. S. Ogunsina and F. A. Oluwole. (2015).Effect of processing conditions on oil point pressure of moringa oleifera seed. Journal of Food Science and Technology. 52(7):4499–4506

CBN (2001). Central Bank of Nigeria Annual Report and Statement of Account for the year ended Pp130.

Diffuse, C. M. and Slaughter, J. C. (1980). Seeds and their uses. 2nd Edition. John Willey and Sons, London.

Formo, M.W., Jungermann, E., Norris, F.A. and Sonntang, N.O.Y. (1979). Barley’s Industrial oil and fat production. Vol.1 4th Edition. John Willey and sons New York.

ILO (1983). International Labour Office: small-scale oil extraction from groundnut and copra. Technical memorandum No. 5 ILO Geneva.

Itanye, O. P. (2001). Construction of groundnut oil extraction machine. Unpublished ND project, Ramat polytechnic, Maiduguri, Nigeria.

Olaniyan/ A. M. and Oje, K. (2000). Mechanical expression of palm kernel oil. Proceeding of the Nigerian Institution of Agricultural Engineers. 11-15.

Oluwole, F. A; Aviara, N. A. and Papu, E. (2003). Performance evaluation of a spindle press for oil extraction. Proceedings of the Nigerian Institution of Agricultural Engineers, vol. 25, 213-218.

Oluwole, F. A; Abdulrahim, A. T. and Aviara, N. A. (2005). Development and performance test of a spindle press for oil extraction. Arid zone journal of engineering, technology and environment (in press).

Peter, F. and Ann, H. (1992). Small-scale food processing. A guide to appropriate equipment. International Technology Publication, London.

Samuel, A. (2004). Modification of design and construction of hydraulic oil press. Unpublished ND project, Ramat Polytechnic, Maiduguri, Nigeria.

Wiemer, H. and Korthals, F. W. (1989). Small-scale processing of oil fruits and oil seeds: Friedr. and sohn verlag gesellschafft mbh, Braunschweig, Germany.

Published
2016-06-27
How to Cite
F. A. Oluwole, M. K. Adam, & M. B. OUMAROU. (2016). Performance Test of a Hydraulic Press for Oil Extraction. Annals of Borno, 26(1), 141-152. Retrieved from http://journals.unimaid.edu.ng/index.php/annals_of_Borno/article/view/31